Nursing Practice Today 2017. 4(1):21-34.

Evaluation of the Factors Associated with Burnout of Nurses Working at A State Hospital in Turkey
Ozgul Orsal, Ozlem Orsal, Pınar Duru, Alaettin Unsal, Nilgun Barlas

Abstract


Background & Aim: Nurse job-related burnout is a global issue; however, it remains unclear how coping strategies over a maintained period of time may influence nursing burnout. The aim of this study was to evaluation the factors associated with burnout of nurses working at a state hospital.

Methods & Materials: This cross-sectional study was carried out with 446 nurses working at State Hospital in Turkey in 2013. The Maslach Burnout Inventory was used to assess the three components of burnout syndrome: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment in this study. The statistical analyses of the data were performed using the Independent Sample T test, One-Way Anova test and Multiple Linear Regression analysis. Level of statistical significance was considered as    p < 0.05.

Results: The nurses received a mean score of 17±7 on the emotional exhaustion subscale, they received a mean score of 5±3 on the depersonalization subscale, and they received a mean score of 21±4 on the personal accomplishment subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Univariate analyses revealed significant relationships between the independent variables of sex, feeling satisfied with the job, following professional publications and the subscales of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. According to the multiple linear regression analyses, feeling dissatisfied with the job had the strongest effect on emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment scores.

Conclusion: Feeling dissatisfied with the job had the strongest effect on emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment scores. For this reason, nurses have higher levels of burnout and this is a major occupational health and women's health issue.


Keywords


nurses; hospitals; burnout; professional

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