Nursing Practice Today 2017. 4(2):103-111.

The relation between nurses’ quality of work life with intention to leave their job
Obeidollah Faraji, Ghader Salehnejad, Shahin Gahramani, Sina Valiee

Abstract


Background & Aim: Nurses’ intention to leave their job is problematic for health system and the quality of work life is one of the important factors affecting this intention. The present study was aimed to show the nurses’ quality of work life and its components, their intention to leave the job, and the relation between nurses’ quality of work life and their intention to leave the job.

Methods & Materials: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 300 nurses in teaching hospitals of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences which were selected through census method. Walton’s quality of work life (1988) questionnaire and intention to leave questionnaire designed by Rusbelt et al (1980) were used to collect the data. SPSS 16 software, analytical and descriptive statistics, and statistical tests such as ANOVA, Tukey's HSD test, Independent T-Test and Pearson's correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data.

Results: The results showed that 61% of nurses had low levels of work life quality and 39.7% of the nurses intended to leave their job. Intention to leave job was significantly related to the employment status (P=0.01) and gender (P=0.03). Also, there was a significant and inverse correlation between the quality of work life components and intention to leave the job (P=0.0001).

Conclusions: Nursing administrators must adopt effective strategies to create favorable working conditions under which nurses’ work life quality in different aspects would be improved. To prevent the nurses’ from leaving their job, nursing managers should administer interventions to improve the atmosphere of organization that affect the components of working life quality.

Keywords


workplace; employee turnover; nurses

Full Text:

PDF

References


Buerhaus PI, Auerbach DI, Staiger DO.The recent surge in nurse employment:Causes and implications. Health Affairs.2009;28(4):w657-w668.

Oulton JA. The global nursing shortage:an overview of issues and actions. Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice.2006;7(3_suppl):34S-9S.

Aiken LH, Sermeus W, Van den HeedeK, Sloane DM, Busse R, McKee M, et al. Patient safety, satisfaction, and quality of hospital care: cross sectional surveys of nurses and patients in 12 countries in Europe and the United States. BMJ. 2012;344(e1717):1-14.

Heinen MM, van Achterberg T, Schwendimann R, Zander B, Matthews A,Kózka M, et al. Nurses’ intention to leave their profession: a cross sectional observational study in 10 European countries. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2013;50(2):174-84.

McGilton KS, Boscart VM, Brown M, Bowers B. Making tradeoffs between the

reasons to leave and reasons to stay employed in long-term care homes: Perspectives of licensed nursing staff. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2014;51(6):917-26.

Zhao X, Sun T, Cao Q, Li C, Duan X, Fan L, et al. The impact of quality of work lifeon job embeddedness and affective commitment nd their co‐effect on turnover intention ofnurses. Journal of clinical nursing. 2013;22(5-6):780-8.

Flinkman M, Leino‐Kilpi H, Salanterä S. Nurses’ intention to leave the profession:integrative review. Journal of advanced nursing.2010;66(7):1422-34.

Mosadeghrad AM. Occupational Stress and Turnover Intention: Implications forNursing Management. International Journal of Health Policy and Management 2013;1(2):169-76.

Chan ZC, Tam WS, Lung MK, Wong WY, Chau CW. A systematic literature review of nurse shortage and the intention to leave. Journal of nursing management.2013;21(4):605-13.

Lee YW, Dai YT, Park CG, McCreary LL. Predicting quality of work life on nurses’ intention to leave. Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 2013;45(2):160-8.

Zhang L-f, You L-m, Liu K, Zheng J, Fang J-b, Lu M-m, et al. The association of Chinese hospital work environment with nurse burnout, job satisfaction, and intention to leave. Nursing Outlook. 2014;62(2):128-37.

Bowles C, Candela L. First job experiences of recent RN graduates: improving the work environment. Journal of Nursing Administration. 2005;35(3):130-7.

Faraji O, Ramazani AA, Hedaiati P, Aliabadi A, Elhamirad S, Valiee S. Relationship Between Job Characteristics and Organizational Commitment: A Descriptive Analytical Study. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.2015;17(11):1-6.

Rheaume A, Clement L, Lebel N. Understanding intention to leave amongst newgraduate Canadian nurses: a repeated cross sectional survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2011;48(4):490-500.

Huang T-C, Lawler J, Lei C-Y. TheEffects of Quality of Work Life on Commitment and Turnover Intention. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal. 2007 ;35(6):735-50.

Morin E, Morin W. Quality of work life and firm performance at Canada. Quality of Work Life: Introduction and Perspective, ICFAI University Press, Andhra Pradesh. 2004:86-96.

Nair GS. A Study on the Effect ofQuality of Work Life (Qwl) on Organisational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB)-With Special reference to College Teachers is Thrissur District, Kerala. Integral Review. 2013;6(1).

Bazaz jazayeri A, pardakhtchi M. Creating Model of Assessing Quality of life of Staffs in Organization. Management Science Journal. 2007;2(5):123-51. [Persian]

Shin JH, Bae SH. Nurse staffing, quality of care, and quality of life in US nursing homes,1996–2011: an integrative review. Journal of gerontological nursing. 2012;38(12):46-53.

Zwink JE, Dzialo M, Fink RM, Oman KS, Shiskowsky K, Waite K, et al. Nurse manager perceptions of role satisfaction and retention at an academic medical center. Journal of Nursing Administration. 2013;43(3):135-41.

Thompson P, Stanowski A. Maximizing nursing productivity: the benefits of improved collaboration between nursing and support services: building a stronger collaboration between nurses and support services personnel can have positive financial and quality implications for hospitals. Healthcare Financial Management. 2009;63(1):76-83.

Lee YW, Dai YT, McCreary LL. Quality of work life as a predictor of nurses'intention to leave units, organisations and the profession. Journal of nursing management.2015;23(4):521-31.

Lee YW, Dai YT, Park CG, McCreary LL. Predicting quality of work life on nurses’ intention to leave. Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 2013;45(2):160-8.

Mosadeghrad AM. Quality of Working Life: An Antecedent to Employee Turnover Intention. International Journal of Health Policy and Management. 2013;1(1):43-50.

Walton R. Quality of ork life Indicators-Prospects and Problems: A Portigal Measuring the Quality of working life. pp-57-70, Ottawa. 1973.

Rusbelt CE, Farrell D, Rogers G, Mainous AG. Impact of variables on exit, voice, loyalty and neglect: an integrative model of responses to declining job satisfaction. Academy of Management Journal. 1988;31:599-627.

Moradi T, Maghaminejad F, Azizi-Fini I. Quality of Working Life of Nurses and its Related Factors. Nursing and Midwifery Studies.2014;3(2):e19450.

Dargahi H, Gharib M, Goodarzi M. Quality of Work Life in Nursing Employees of Tehran University of Medical Sciences Hospitals. Hayat. 2007;13(2):13-21. [Persian]

Saber S, Borhani F, Navidian A, Ramezani T, Amin MR, Keanian T. Investigation related quality of work life and productivity of nurses in Kerman University of medical science (2012). Journal of bioethics.

Khaghanizadeh M, Ebadi A, Sertiner M, Rahmani M. Investigation relationship between job stress and quality of work life of nurses in armed forces hospitals. Military medicine.2008;10(3):175-84. [Persian]

Reyasi HR. Work life quality of nurses working in educational hospitals affiliated to Birjand university of medical sciences, 2012. Modern Care J. 2013;10(1):84-90. [Persian]

Nikbakht Nasrabadi A, Salari A, Hosseinpour M, Yekaninejad M. Study the rate of burnout and intention to leave and their relationship among emergency department nurses. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research.2014;9(3):19-29.

El-Jardali F, Dimassi H, Dumit N, Jamal D, Mouro G. A national cross-sectional study on nurses' intent to leave and job satisfaction in Lebanon: implications for policy and practice. BMC Nursing. 2009;8(1):1-13.

Tourangeau AE, Cranley LA. Nurse intention to remain employed: understanding and strengthening determinants. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2006;55:497-509.

Cortse C.G. Predictors of critical care nurses’ intention to leave the unit,the hospital, and the nursing profession. Open Journal of Nursing. 2012;2:311-26.

Flinkman M, Laine M, Leino-Kilpi H, Hasselhorn HM, Salanterä S. Explaining young registered Finnish nurses’ intention to leave the profession: A questionnaire survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2008;45(5):727-39.

Zeytinoglu IU, Denton M, Plenderleith JM. Flexible employment and nurses' intention to leave the profession: The role of support at work. Health Policy. 2011;99(2):149-57.

Mogharab M, Riyasi H, Hedayati H, Mogharab M. Work life quality of nurses working in educational hospitals affiliated to Birjand university of medical sciences, 2012. Modern care, scientific quarterly journal of Birjand nursing and midwifery faculty.2013;10(1):84-90. [Persian]

zarrang S, Yaghmaei F, Shiri M. Correlation dimensions of quality of work life of nurses and demographiccharacteristicsin the public hospitals Zanjan. Nursing research.2012;7(27):18-24.[Persian]

Navidian A, Saber S, Rezvaniamin M, Kianian T. Correlation of quality of work life and job satisfaction in nurses of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. Health Promotion Management. 2014;3(2):7-15.[Persian]

Moradi T, Maghaminejad F, Azizi-Fini I. Quality of working life of nurses and its related factors. Nurse midwifery stud.2014;3(2):e19450.

Almalki M, Fitzgerald G, Clark M. Quality of work life among primary health care nurses in the Jazan region, Saudi Arabia: a crosssectional study2012.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.