Nursing: An evolutionary concept analysis

  • Afsaneh Raiesifar School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
  • Soroor Parvizy Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran . Medical Education Research Centre, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Ira
  • Parisa Bozorgzad Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Sarieh Poortaghi* Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Nayereh Davoudi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  • Masoumeh Masoumi School of Paramedicine, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
Keywords: nursing, nursing care, concept analysis, evolutionary concept analysis


Background & Aim: More clarification of the concept of nursing helps to review policies, standards, codes of ethics, professional values and nursing roles. The purpose of this study was to analyze nursing concept using Rodgers evolutionary method.

Materials & Methods: With employing a rigorous evolutionary concept analysis approach, the concept of nursing was examined. After an extensive search, about 6706 articles were found; 43 articles and 6 related books published in English from 1980 were reviewed vigorously. Then data about the nursing concept was analyzed using evolutionary concept analysis approach.

Results: The definition of attributes, antecedents, as well as consequences of nursing was performed through concept analysis. Core attributes (the goal of nursing, nursing scope, dimensions, practice and interventions, roles, audience, and professional values) were studied. The antecedents of nursing include getting a degree and nursing qualification, standards, and ethical codes. In addition, it led to health promotion. Care was an interchangeable concept of nursing. Missed and individualized nursing care, advanced nursing practice, holism and health improvement were obtained as nursing related concepts.

Conclusion: Recognition of main attributes boundaries and professional differences in health care context prevents perplexity in nursing and leads to professional development and self-confidence.


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How to Cite
Raiesifar A, Parvizy S, Bozorgzad P, Poortaghi* S, Davoudi N, Masoumi M. Nursing: An evolutionary concept analysis. NPT. 6(1):7-17.
Original Article(s)