Safety of health providers in the physical handling of patients in nursing care
One of the priorities during patient handling is ensuring the safety of both the patient and the staff. Safe handling can be ensured with correct and appropriate use of handling equipment, proper staffing, and proper staff training with regard to patient handling. The present-day patient handling techniques and practices do not reflect the desired goals in this area in our country. Nursing staff and other healthcare workers are exposed to many health risks as part of their duties. The work is often monotonous, performed in awkward postures, or under conditions that fail to meet ergonomic principles. Low back injury is a significant health problem that needs to be addressed not only in hospitals but also in workplaces nationwide. The standard approach deals with risks and preventions through education, more suitable work conditions, additional staffing, and evaluation of lifting situations and the development of patient handling protocols, which should be administered by top management and ward management. The healthcare community needs to strive to implement standards for patient handling and moving that put the health and safety of healthcare providers on the same level as the health and safety of patients. To that end, our internal multidisciplinary research team has created a research project to address this issue with the intention of implement new handling and moving techniques in to the practice.
2. Berman A., Snyder S. 2012. J. Kozier & Erb´s Fundamentals of Nursing: Concepts, Process and Practice. 9th ed. USA: Pearson. ISBN 978-0-13-802461-1.
3. Villarroya, A., Arezes, P., Díaz-Freijo, S. and Fraga, and F. Comparison between five risk assessment methods of patient handling. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 2016 March; 52: 100-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2015.10.003
4. Bunc V. et al. The school youth at the end of 20th century. Project summary report Ministry of Health of Czech Republic 2000 (in Czech: Školní mládež v konci 20. Století). Závěrečná zpráva projektu MŠMT ČR, VS 97131. Praha: FTVS UK. 2000
5. Vignerová J., Riedlová, J., Bláha, P., et al. [Statewide anthropology research of children and youth]. 2006; (in Czech: Celostátní antropologický výzkum dětí a mládeže). Praha: PřF UK, SZÚ, 2006.
6. Martínek L., Tóthová V., Zeman M. Sedentary life in the context of educational attainment. Journal of Nursing, Social Studies, Public Health and Rehabilitation 2015; 6: 3-4. ISSN 1804-1868.
7. Machálková L., Mikšová Z., Mazalová L., Šamaj M. [Evaluation of nurse´s physical characteristics and physical load]. Journal Czech Antropology 2012; 62: (1) 24-29 (Czech).
8. Fenclová Z., Havlová D., Voříšková M., Urban P., Peclová D., Žofka J. [Occupational Diseases in Czech]. (in Czech: State Health Institution. Nemoci z povolání v České republice. Státní zdravotní ústav) [on-line]. Retrieved from: http://www.szu.cz/uploads/NRNP/aktual_Hlaseni_NzP_2016.pdf.
9. Maček M., Radvanský J. Physiology and Clinical Aspects of motion activity. (in Czech: Fyziologie a klinické aspekty pohybové activity). Praha: Galén, 2011; ISBN 978-80-7262-695-3. p.245.
10. Duthey, B. WHO Background Paper 6.24 Low back pain. 2013 March 15:1-29 https://www.who.int/medicines/areas/priority_medicines/BP6_24LBP.pdf.
11. de Castro AB, Hagan P, Nelson A. Prioritizing safe patient handling: The American Nurses Association's Handle With Care Campaign. J Nurs Adm. 2006 Jul-Aug;36(7-8):363-9. doi: 10.1097/00005110-200607000-00009.
12. Milhem M, Kalichman L, Ezra D, Alperovitch-Najenson D. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among physical therapists: A comprehensive narrative review. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2016;29(5):735-47. doi: https://doi.org/10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00620
13. Marras WS. The future of research in understanding and controlling work-related low back disorders. Ergonomics. 2005 Apr 15;48(5):464-77. doi: 10.1080/00140130400029175.
14. Ramsey T, Davis KG, Kotowski SE, Anderson VP, Waters T. Reduction of spinal loads through adjustable interventions at the origin and destination of palletizing tasks. Hum Factors. 2014 Nov;56(7):1222-34. doi: 10.1177/0018720814528356.
15. Czupryna K, Nowotny-Czupryna O, Nowotny J. Ergonomic determinants of back pain in physiotherapists involved in paediatric neurorehabilitation. Ortopedia, traumatologia, rehabilitacja. 2014;16(4):407-18. doi 10.5604/15093492.1119618.
16. Powell-Cope G., Rugs D. What Elements of the 2013 American Nurses Association Safe Patient Handling and Mobility Standards are Reflected in State Legislation? Am J Safe Patient Handl Mov. 2015 March 1; 5(1): 13-8. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4581891/.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.