The correlation of communication skills and emotional expressions among nursing students in Turkey: A public university sample

  • Serap Yıldırım Mail Department of Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ege University, İzmir, Turkey
  • Nihan Durgu Department of Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Manisa Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey
  • Adile Büşra Özdeş Department of Organ Transplantation, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey
  • Nurgül Özdemir Department of Cardiovascular Surgical, İstanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
students; nurses; emotional expressions; communication skills


Background & Aim: Expressing emotions is very important both in interpersonal relationships and in the protection and maintenance of the individual's mental health. However, the individual must have certain skills to express his feelings healthily. The most important of these is communication skills. This research aimed to examine the correlation between communication skills and emotional expressions of nursing students.

Methods & Materials: This correlational study was conducted among nursing students at a public university faculty of nursing in Turkey between 2016 and 2017. Of the total of 1423 students, 632 nursing students were selected using the convenience sampling method. The Introductory Information Form, the Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire and the Communication Skills Scale were used to collect data. The Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis H, and Pearson correlation tests were used for the analysis of the data.

Results: The mean total Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire score of the students was found to be 79.45±10.11, and the mean total score of the Communication Skills Scale was 97.67±11.20. Emotional expressions are affected by gender, marital status, class, income level, family structure, the residence where they have lived the longest, place of residence and working status (p≤0.05, p<0.01). It was found that there was a positive-directed correlation between students' emotional expressions and communication skills (p<0.01).

Conclusion: It was concluded that communication skills and some sociodemographic characteristics of nursing students are correlated with their emotional expressions.


1. Gross JJ, John OP, Richards JM. The dissociation of emotion expression from emotion experience: a personality perspective, personality and social. Psychology Bulletin. 2000; 26: 712-726.
2. Kennedy-Moore E, Watson JC. How and when emotional express help?. Review of General Psychology. 2001; 5(3): 187-212.
3. Akan ŞT, Barışkın E. Reliability and validity indicators of Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire in the context of culture and gender. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry. 2017; 28 (1): 43-50.
4. Akın A. The validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Berkeley Expressitvity Scale. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2011; 30: 27-33.
5. Kaya Ç. Investigation of the relationships between social wellbeing and emotional expressivity with reference to various variables. Master Thesis, Sakarya University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Department of Psychological Services in Education, Sakarya. 2013.
6. Kuyumcu B, Güven M. The relationship between the emotional awareness expression of emotion and psychological well-being of Turkish and English university students. Gazi University Journal of Gazi Educational Faculty. 2012; 32 (3): 589- 607.
7. Şengül M, Demirel A. An investigation on the emotional expression styles of Turkish teachers. Mustafa Kemal University Journal of Graduate School of Social Sciences. 2016; 13 (34): 116-133.
8. Ciarrochi J, Scott G. The link between emotional competence and well-being: a longitudinal study. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling. 2006; 34 (2): 231-243.
9. Saltalı ND. Enhancing emotional skills in preschool year. Yalova Journal of Social Sciences. 2013; 6: 107-119.
10. Çetinkaya Ö, Alparslan AM. The effect of emotional intelligence on communication skills: an investigation on university students. Süleyman Demirel University The Journal of Economics and Administrative Sciences. 2011; 16 (1): 363- 77.
11. Korkut F. Communication skills training program for adults. Hacettepe University Journal of Education. 2005; 28: 143-9.
12. Gross JJ, John OE. Facets of emotional expressivity: three self-report factors and their correlates. Personality and Individual Differences. 1995; 19: 555- 568.
13. Korkut FO, Bugay A. Developing a communication skills scale: validity and reliability studies. Mersin University Journal of the Faculty of Education. 2014; 10(2): 51- 64.
14. Korkut F. Developing a Communication Skills Scale: Validity and Reliability Studies. Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal. 1996; 2(7): 18-23.
15. Tutuk A, Al D, Doğan S. Determining communication skills and emphatic levels of nursing students. Journal of Cumhuriyet University School of Nursing. 2002; 6 (2): 36-41.
16. Arifoğlu B, Sala R G). Management course academic achievement averages of first class nursing students. Dokuz Eylül University School of Nursing Electronic Journal. 2011; 4 (1): 7-11.
17. Bingöl G, Demir A. Communication skills of students of Amasya medical vocational school. Medeniyet Medical Journal. 2011; 26 (4): 152-159.
18. Chaplin TM. Gender and emotion expression: A developmental contextual perspective. Emotion Review. 2015 Jan;7(1):14-21.
19. Archer J. Sex differences in aggression in real-world settings: a meta-analytic review. Review of General Psychology. 2004; 8: 291- 322.
20. Kuzucu Y. Adaptation of the emotional expression questionnaire: validity and reliability studies. Kastamonu Education Journal. 2011; 19(3): 779- 792.
21. Gross JJ, John OP. Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2003; 85 (2): 348- 362.
22. Çelik E. An investigation of resilience characteristics of senior high school students through emotional expression. Atatürk University Journal of Graduate School of Social Sciences. 2013; 17 (2): 221-36.
23. Celik E. Emotional Expression Correlates of Hopelessness among High School Students. Journal of European Education. 2017 Feb 27;5(1):1-10.
24. Tutarel-Kışlak Ş, Göztepe I. The relation among expressed emotion, depression, empathy and marital adjustment. Ankara University Journal of Social Sciences. 2012; 3(2): 27-46.
How to Cite
Yıldırım S, Durgu N, Özdeş AB, Özdemir N. The correlation of communication skills and emotional expressions among nursing students in Turkey: A public university sample. NPT. 7(3):190-197.
Original Article(s)