COVID-19 epidemic: Hospital-level response
COVID-19 is a serious threat to public health, worldwide. This new viral disease is the third coronavirus epidemic in the 21st century, following Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). The major transmission method is through respiration; however, it is unclear why the virus is so easily transmitted among individuals. Symptoms of this virus include fever, coughs and respiratory distress. In this letter, we describe the actions taken by the nursing system of the hospitals in the cities in Iran in response to the COVID-19 epidemic. Human resources management, Personnel training and Facilities, and resources management was the main category implementation at the hospital-level for confronting COVID-19. In epidemics, health personnel, especially nurses, are at the forefront of the fight against the disease. Nurses should take care of people who are experiencing severe forms of the disease and should do so for long hours using protective equipment. Therefore, in addition to providing adequate protective equipment, they may need implementation of public health measures in a way to help reduce the number of new infected cases and reduce the burden placed on the health care team. Hence, public education and compliance with health guidelines by the people should be highlighted so that nurses can provide better care to those in need.
2. Liao X, Wang B, Kang Y. Novel coronavirus infection during the 2019–2020 epidemic: preparing intensive care units—the experience in Sichuan Province, China. Intensive Care Medicine. 2020;46(2):357-60.
3. Chang D, Lin M, Wei L, Xie L, Zhu G, Cruz CSD, et al. Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of novel coronavirus infections involving 13 patients outside Wuhan, China. Jama. 2020;323(11):1092-93
4. Paules CI, Marston HD, Fauci AS. Coronavirus infections—more than just the common cold. Jama. 2020;323(8):707-8.
5. Amirhossein Takian, Azam Raoofi, Kazempour-Ardebili S. COVID-19 battle during the toughest sanctions against Iran. The Lancet. March 18, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30668-1.
6. Xiang Y-T, Yang Y, Li W, Zhang L, Zhang Q, Cheung T, et al. Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed. The Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(3):228-9.
7. Jansson M, Liao X, Rello J. Strengthening ICU health security for a coronavirus epidemic. Intensive & critical care nursing. 2020 Apr;57:102812.
8. Siyu C, Xia M, Wen W, Cui L, Yang W, Liu S, et al. Mental health status and coping strategy of medical workers in China during The COVID-19 outbreak. medRxiv. 2020.